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In Retrospect PDF Print E-mail
From the marshy and watery wastes to the country's Hi-Tech Happening point, the journey of Nabadiganta is fascinating. The sprawling 430 acre Sector-V of the Salt Lake City is coming to terms with itself at the start of a new millennium.

Unlike many other cities, the expansion of Kolkata has, on account of its location, always posed a serious problem. Hemmed in by the river Hooghly on the west side and by marshes and brackish lakes on the other sides, the city's growth was restricted to its northern and southern suburbs thereby causing a serious problem to its steadily growing population. The idea of finding an outlet for this increasing population through a new city by reclaiming the marsh and watery wastes in the east of Kolkata was hovering round the Policy Makers mind for a long time. Way back in 1830s, the Britishers first thought of it. After the independence, a Master Plan Technical Committee was constituted to reclaim the Salt Lake area in the east of Kolkata. At last the idea of filling of these watery areas by sand and silt procured by dredging from the bed of the river Hooghly was conceived by late Chief Minister, Dr B C Roy. The work of reclamation was allotted to a Yugoslav Firm, namely, M/s Invest-Import after floating global tenders and the project of Reclamation and Development of about 6 sq. miles of these watery wastes was inaugurated by Dr Roy on 16th April 1962 for the people of Kolkata. The work of reclamation continued without any break till November 1970 when the work was suspended for unavoidable reasons.

The reclamation of the watery wastes was done by dredging the bed of river Hooghly and pumping the dredged materials in the area to be reclaimed. Constructional plan provided for the reclamation work consisted of 11 floating units (2 Dredgers, 2 Tug Pusher Boats, 2 Bergs and 2 Survey Launches), 3 Boosting Stations, a 5 mile pipeline and necessary emergency Alarm Management as well as long distance operation and communication devices. The site was east of Maniktala and bounded on 3 sides by Krishnapur (Kestopur) Canal and filled up portion of new Cut Canal. The whole area was then divided into 5 sectors - Sector-I, Sector-II, Sector-III and Sector-IV as Residential Townships, and Sector-V as Industrial Area.
In order to check haphazard growth in Salt Lake City, Government of West Bengal, in the early 1990's promulgated an Act known as West Bengal Government Township Act (Extension of Civil Amenities) and brought the Salt Lake City (Bidhannagar) under the purview of this Act. It was at this time that an Administrator was appointed who was made responsible for rendering all municipal services to the plot holders and also to assess and realize taxes.
In 1995, Bidhannagar Municipality was constituted with 5 Sectors of the Salt Lake City. From 1995 to 2005, it was Bidhannagar Municipality which was responsible for all the municipal services including assessment and collection of property taxes in Sector-V area. But since Sector-V was growing fast to become an Industrial Area and Hi-Tech Happening Point in the last decade and a half, it became an uphill task for the Bidhannagar Municipality to cope with the increasing demand for civic amenities necessary for such fast growing area. With this end in view, and for the sake of ensuring proper infrastructural development required for setting up of industries and maintenance thereof, Govt. of West Bengal considered it imperative to constitute an Industrial Township under Section 385A of the West Bengal Municipal Act, 1993. A notification was issued to this effect on 31st January 2006 and a new Township Authority called "Nabadiganta Industrial Township Authority" came into being.